Otaru column

City that transforms with the scene era like Otaru

March 28, 2017
Otaru Museum director Naoaki Ishikawa

Carp dishes on the sea

What is scene like "Otaru" that many tourists visiting Otaru hold?
Otaru Canal, Tenguyama, authority of Sakaimachi, Otaru aquarium, Kitaichi Glass went up as a result that "tourist spot of Otaru did questionnaire called anywhere" to junior high student in the city the year before last. In addition, result according to sweets and image of orugorundo "sightseeing spot Otaru" was given.
By the way, then please see picture postcard which boiled up photograph 1. This is commemorative picture postcard of Otaru seaport exhibition held in 1931 (Showa 6). Scenery of Otaru Port and pleasure boat moored at come out, but please pay attention to the signboard. There is with "carp dishes". It is dignified, and, seeing from current Otaru with image of fresh marine products, we eat carp with richness expressly on the sea and what is published in commemorative picture postcard seems considerably strange.
However, the early days, carp dishes of the Showa era were specialties of Otaru from the Taisho era. "Nagahashi Kawashima" in photograph 2 is "Kawashima carp raising Land" that ran large-scale carp raising business in Nagahashi. School building of Nagahashi Elementary School is seen in the depths of carp raising pond to photograph 3.
Of Kawashima carp raising garden, besides, carp raising ponds such as Nishikawa carp raising Land, Hiroshi part carp raising garden hung in Nagahashi, Otamoi, and opened. Naturally shipment route of the carp is established, and advertisement and reputation of restaurant which is famous for carp dishes are published in guidebook of issuance in 1914 (Taisho 3). There are few shops which always provide carp dishes on menu in Otaru, but Otamoi can see from kokudoen inado, unnatural rectangular allotment of grounds from Nagahashi now. This is trace of carp raising pond at the time.

Image of Otaru where is in the latter half of the Meiji era

If it is said that it is natural, it is natural, but "image of Otaru" changes with history. In "the town of the history and romance which current Otaru has," atmosphere that landmark architecture left for various places throughout the city brings on greatly works.
Then when was cityscape which let you feel such history completed? That means, we are thinking that I was made for the revival period after big fire of 37(1904) year in 1903 (Meiji 36).
Otaru located on the Sea of Japan side dried in the early spring; blow a gale. There were few flatlands, and wooden houses crowded in Otaru where was in the latter half of the Meiji era where there was explosive population growth. Therefore we take out big fire many times. In that. 2,481 houses suffer from 906 houses, Inaho-cho big fire of the next year by Temiya big fire of 1903 really. Most of current center city area would suffer to show in figure 1. It may be said that this Inaho-cho big fire is great disaster, and stone warehouse becomes only left in burnt field like photograph 4 bit by bit.
However, it becomes town with vigor to be lined with buildings except a part with photograph 5 which photographed city area said to that it was photographed in about 1906. It is difficult to find damage of big fire from this photograph. Factor that enabled this wonderful revival is nothing but economic power that Otaru at the time had.
Takuboku Ishikawa just comes over to Otaru in these days. And is famous; of "* spread song fukotonaki people town of Otaru leave song of is roughness of voice". There is active town which population exceeds tripling town, Hakodate Port in only ten years in background of this song, and the entrance of Hokkaido and Otaru Port that it was, people dreaming of bonanza there run around in.
From propagator Pearson, for example, American speaking of image of Otaru of these days "commercial city. There are extremely few student and government officials. There were a lot of things which had impression, it was said that immorality awfully prevailed.

Energetic town

As for the occupation of people who emigrated to Hokkaido according to the statistics in 1905 (Meiji 38), agriculture accounted for half or more, but it is only 31% in Shiribeshi (when we think from the actual situation of settler about the same with "Otaru"), and, as for the occupation that there is the most, it is to 35% of "occupation is unknown" (graph 1, 2). It was such a town where dream such as gold rush and people with greed totally came over to in sequence.
However, Takuboku appreciated such Otaru as "energetic town". Takuboku writes down town and person of Otaru including the song in question in this way.
"Small Taruto does not walk and always makes riding fast. Like life competition of Otaru being tough, most hand-to-hand fights and. Of condition of it life make masculine, and thing named fast beat is refreshing, and is heroic, and pass flavor of cheer, and is * hemutosu for a feeling of rather tragic but brave no. They do not take a rest and do not look at song hazu again again. We drive fast and only do yuikyosusumi. Heart of "small Taruto to drive fast" is like person as making with iron (than "poor digestion communication")
The Japanese modernization that was new nation was still supported by people of such Otaru.

"Heart of iron" where

It was Otaru that passed through the end of the Taisho era when 25 banks bristled around Ironai crossroad at the end of the Meiji that revived from big fire instantly, and grew up in economic city of "the North Japan best", but it was not possible for town which let it was solid, and the history feel in a short term.
There were people who made it behind historic inheritance that constituted bank architecture, Shinonome of Ironai and mansion of Tomioka, image of current Otaru including warehouse street around the port.
Where is the small Taruto which "we always drive fast" having "heart of iron" now? Probably what about heart of many citizens and people from Otaru may you stay? Otaru in the future will take new image by people having DNA of such "heart of iron".

Izumi Ogino 1995 "rose of the wasteland"
Otaru-shi museum 1985 "Masuho Inagaki diary" Vol. 8
Hokkaido Prefectural Government 1906 "list of Hokkaido encouragement of industry statistics" (for 1905)
Yuna Yamamoto 2014 "carp raising business of Otaru" (the "Otaru study" 67th)
Shingo Watanabe 2006 "Otaru history chart"